SÉRGIO REZENDE: We call this session to order. We are already late. We have to catch up. But I have to say a few words. I chose to say very few words in the opening session, and chose to speak a little bit in more detail in this section here. So I speak for about ten minutes, but then we have several speakers, and I am asking the speakers to be short. Otherwise, I will not be able to finish on time. The Brazilian government authorities are honored to host the second Internet Governance Forum, the IGF. It's an honor and a pleasure to welcome you to this beautiful and hospitable city of
Internet has tremendous potential for promoting a global partnership for development as advocated in the Millenium Development Goals. However, if this global communications environment is to be effective, Internet requires the participation of all peoples. The basic characteristics of the Internet, the essence, if you like, is cooperation, access for all to an agreed common communication protocol, interconnection between regional networks, to create a network of networks, and to share the information in these networks. Without the spirit of sharing, of connectivity, of mutual support, Internet will lose its strength as a way of promoting global development. We will lose an opportunity to communicate between nations, we will lose the support for information and communication services and technologies. Lastly, without the participation and cooperation of all, the Internet cannot be sure nor stable. That's why we defend Internet governance that is representative and balanced. Balanced in terms of countries and regions, but also balanced in terms of the different sectors of society. We stand for a type of governance which is not the preserve of any particular country's government. Equal treatment for all nations is a pre-condition to building global confidence in the functioning of the Internet, and thus promoting the sustainability of Internet. Despite its localized origin, starting with the development of ARPANET for the scientific community in the
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Now I would like to call to present his words, Mr. Hamadoun Touré, secretary-general, International Telecommunication Union, ITU.
HAMADOUN TOURÉ: Good morning. Mr. Chairman, being the first speaker, I will use one of the ITU traditions in congratulating you for all the coming speakers so that they save time in not repeating that. So on behalf of all the speakers, I would like to congratulate you for your brilliant election
HAMADOUN TOURÉ: And also thank the organizers and the host country for all the good things that have done. I hope that will save one minute of each of the speakers' time. Thank you very much. I would like to express my gratitude of being here, in addressing this. As Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, I have been in the office just for one year, and my main focus has been on ICT development. And as you all know, it is very close to my heart. The WSIS process has been a very open and transparent one, and I'm very pleased that -- to restate that very important step that was decided in the ITU plenipotentiary conference in 1998, and at the time the main reason for organizing WSIS was that we were close to the deadline of not bridging the digital divide. Actually, the deadline for the so-called missing link. And I would just like to remind you that the monster is not only bigger but it's faster. Therefore, we need to put real action into all the talks that we are making here. And I hope that the Rio forum will be a very good continuation of the
Let me also mention that the innovation that has characterized the development of the Internet over the past 30 years will innovatively lead to a change in the landscape, shifting of roles, of key players, and the introduction of a new type of competition on the theme we are here to discuss. Experience shows that the more we resist change, the higher the pressure for change. Having witnessed the changes in the ITU landscape, I'm certainly in a very good position to say this. In summary, what is needed is next-generation Internet governance, the development of an enabling environment that assists governments to foster supportive, transparent, pro-competitive policy, as well as a legal and regulatory framework to provide appropriate incentives for investment and community development in the information society. What is needed is the development of an overarching and enduring architecture based on policy, legal and regulatory initiatives with intergovernmental collaboration, and capacity-building efforts may be made toward finding common international technical and policy approaches to promote an enabling environment globally, offering the maximum benefits to society. In conclusion, I would like to remind you all of the spirit of the WSIS that is of inconclusion, cooperation, and tolerance. Let the beautiful skies of
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Mr. Touré. I would like now to ask Ms. Anriette Esterhuysen, executive director, Association for Progressive Communications, APC.
ANRIETTE ESTERHUYSEN: Thank you, chairman. And thank you, Mr. Touré, for cutting some of my speech. It's -- one always prepares something beforehand. But I think like other speakers and like the chair in his introduction indicated, the Internet has enormous potential for contributing to all aspects of human development. And we in my organization believe it's a public good, and therefore it should be governed as a public good based on public interest principles. And also, this governance should take place in the public domain. We need all institutions and all processes that are involved in governance of the Internet to be transparent, to facilitate participation, and participation from all stakeholders, and participation in decision-making, to provide access to information. And this is a very broad -- this does not apply just to ICANN; this applies to all aspects of Internet policy and government. On the themes of the forum, we think there are some key issues. Some of them have been addressed already. In the security theme, as was said by the chair, unless you link human rights and the right to privacy and other freedoms to security, you can create a less-secure environment rather than a more-secure environment. And we urge the IGF to maintain this link. In the theme of openness, we think there are two primary issues to be addressed. On the one hand, freedoms, freedom of expression, and the removal of barriers to people being able to use the Internet in any way they want to. And on the other hand, standards. Increasingly, there are standards being made outside of public spaces that have social implications that limit what people can do with the Internet. And the IGF needs to address this. This touches on issues of intellectual property, interoperability between different applications and devices. And these are things that impact on the cost. Why should blind people pay more for interfaces to read text because they're blind and because someone owns a royalty on making two applications talk to one another? This is wrong. On the issue of access, I think as has been said, it's really vital. We heard already, five billion people in the world do not have access. We hear proclamations about wireless solutions, about private sector investment and initiatives driven by governments, by intergovernmental organizations. And, yet, there are still five billion people in the world without access. The IGF needs to prioritize this. And then on diversity, I think what we would say about diversity is that the key to addressing diversity is, it's almost as an equation, if you put openness and access together, you will have diversity. If you remove the barriers that are created by rigid, proprietary intellectual property regimes, you will have more creation, more innovation. So let's focu on diversity as an issue, and linguistic diversity, cultural diversity. But let's remember that by creating more access and more openness, we will immediately, automatically achieve more diversity. And then, finally, about ICANN. I think that we would like to commend the IGF for putting critical Internet resources on the agenda. It's an important issue. But there's also a lot more to talk about other than ICANN. And I've already highlighted many of these issues. So while not avoiding talking about controversial issues, let's not let them dominate the space for the next few days, because there are many other critical issues. And that is why we are here.
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Ms. Esterhuysen. I'd like to now call Mr. Guy Sebban, Secretary-General for the International Chamber of Commerce, ICC.
GUY SEBBAN: Excellencies, distinguished participants, ladies and gentlemen, good morning. I am very pleased to be here no longer
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Mr. Sebban. I'm afraid we are lagging in time. I have to ask the speakers again to be as brief as they can. And I'd like to call now Ms. Lynn St. Amour, president and CEO of the Internet Society.
LYNN ST. AMOUR: It is a great pleasure for me to be near
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Ms. St. Amour. I'd like to call his excellency, Mr. José Mariano Gago, Minister of Science and Technology and Higher Education of Portugal.
JOSÉ MARIANO GAGO: Minister Sérgio Rezende, Minister Gilberto Gil, Secretary-General of the U.N., representatives of governments and international organizations, ladies and gentlemen, first of all, as Acting President of the Council of Ministers of the European Union, responsible for policies on the society of information and representative of the Portuguese government, I would like to warmly greet and in Portuguese, the Brazilian government and organizers of this forum. Congratulations and thank you for the hospitality and for the quality of organization of this meeting.
It's not just yet another political, multilateral instance, but it is an open and innovative forum. And this seems to us to be the best way for us to work together to defend the very social innovation the Internet has brought about. The European Union has soon understood that we weren't dealing here with just infrastructures, but these were social networks and movements. The notion of policies for the Information Society in every country as well as at the union school has proved this understanding. Also, the definition of common objectives for the whole European Union is a consequence of this policy. The reference framework adopted, which we call I-2010, enshrines our present goals. European space for information, our bed in the research and the development in information and communication technologies, and encouragement to advanced content and services. Lines of action such as the generalization of the wide band security and neutrality, modernization of public services as in the e-gov and the public bed in the generalized use of the Internet and information technologies for economic competitiveness as well as in health, education, trade, supply, and production of multicultural and multilingual contents for the capacity building and the very breathing of democratic societies. And in the support to social and cultural inclusion and in the support of people with deficiencies or special needs, and more recently, initiatives for the development and views of the RFIT make true in the European Union the political objectives that are the object of mutual assessment, of benchmarking, discussion, exchange of experience between countries and regions. It is this experience that the European Union wishes to share with the rest of the world. The investment of the union in the creation and operation of networks for science and education, not just within its own territory, but also in connection, as happens, with Latin America, with
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Minister Mariano Gago. I would like to now call Mr. Paul Twomey, president, CEO of ICANN.
PAUL TWOMEY: Minister Rezende, Minister Gil, ladies and gentlemen, I would like to begin by congratulating the government of Brazil and the Brazilian Internet community and the United Nations, in particular the IGF Secretariat, for arranging this second meeting of the Internet Governance Forum in this remarkable city of Rio de Janeiro. The Internet Governance Forum brings together a diverse group of individuals in the aim of sharing knowledge and experience over and about this one global interoperable Internet. We should all be proud of our achievements so far. Over one billion individuals online. Trillions of dollars of business being conducted over a network which comprises hundreds of millions of computers and devices all communicating with one another across the globe. It has given the individual in our societies an ability to communicate and interact with others unprecedented in human history. It has reformed industries, and caused us to rethink how we view ourselves and our planet. But with this extraordinary change also comes challenges. And that is what this forum is about: Bringing together people to talk, review, discuss, and hopefully envision solutions to some of the issues that are before us. The agenda of this meeting captures them. Most important, of course, as others have said, is access. Our discussions here will mean nothing to someone not able to get onto the network in the first place. And the challenge now is to ensure that we bring the next billion people online. Diversity, openness, security, access, critical internet resources, are all topics for this IGF. All these topics will be discussed over the course of these next few days, and I hope at the end of it we end up one step further down the line in solving some of the issues they represent. ICANN, like other Internet organizations, is committed to the multistakeholder and open way of doing business where anyone, anyone, from governments, the technical community, business and civil society can participate freely, either in person or virtually. We are pleased that the IGF is also following this model. ICANN has a participative community of up to 20,000 people around the world involved within its very narrow mandate of technical coordination for the DNS and I.P. addressing. I would like to issue a personal invitation to all people here to join that community, to participate as you wish and desire, and to help with their work and its evolution. Before finishing, I would also like to thank ITU secretary-general Hamadoun Touré, and the UNESCO leadership for their support and assistance in helping to produce a joint workshop with ICANN this week that will review how international cooperation can be used to establish standards for a multilingual, global, and interoperable Internet, the inevitable next step for this extraordinary medium. I wish you all a fruitful week, and I look forward to continuing discussions again next year in
SÉRGIO REZENDE: Thank you, Mr. Twomey. I would like now to call Mr. Naoyuki Akikusa, chairman Fujitsu limited, Chairman of Global Information Infrastructure Commission. And I am going to ask Minister Gilberto Gil to chair the remainder of this session.
NAOYUKI AKIKUSA: Mr. Chairman and all the distinguished participants, thank you for the opportunity to visit
Some studies show that data centers consume 23% of that amount. Half of -- the air conditioning for cooling consumes half of the power in the datacenter. I would like to show some example. Replacing ten blocks of service by one great server can annually reduce CO2 emissions by the equivalent amount of planting 200 trees. The ISP in our company, Fujitsu Group, is now using 25% of its mail servers to combat Spam. And 90% of e-mail coming to Fujitsu are Spam. I think probably the communication carrier use a huge amount of energy and cost for Spam. We are facing many environmental matters to be solved and to discuss in the future. For the (inaudible) development of the global Internet, I think we should pay more attention to accessing this wasting energy and cost. Secondly, I would like to touch upon the corporate management and the Internet. The Internet is a crucial part of the business infrastructure because it circulates everywhere like the air. Companies like Fujitsu heavily depend on the Internet application systems, from R&D to offices to training on education. If Internet doesn't work, it means we cannot continue our business operation. However, many in top management site does not notice this, and think of the Internet as a given infrastructure to utilize. Only a few recognize Internet safety as a critical management issue. To keep secure and stable Internet operation is essential (inaudible) to corporate management. And a company executive should recognize the Internet as one of the most important management issues and coincidentally add something like a subset of worldwide Internet governance. Finally, (inaudible) represented only 30% of all at the IGF in
GILBERTO GIL: Next speaker Ms. Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, Minister of Communications of South Africa. Please.
IVY MATSEPE-CASABURRI: Thank you, Mr. Chairman, as well as the secretary to the forum. I'd like to thank Brazil in particular for having hosted this, but I will do away with all the other thank you's, but I would like to say a special thank you to the secretary-general of the United Nations for fulfilling the mandate of the World Summit on the Information Society by convening the Internet Governance Forum to enable the multilateral, multistakeholder, democratic and transparent dialogue to take place. And I'd like to thank the secretary-general of the ITU in particular for carrying -- for doing a great deal of work to carry this mandate forward. It is now two years since we decided at the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society that we should establish this multistakeholder forum, this Internet Governance Forum, in order to bring together these representatives that we have here today. Few in the world could have predicted that the Internet would grow in the global phenomena it is today. We must thank the dedicated individuals who have committed so much to its growth and to its management. The benefits of increased efficiency and the services that can be delivered through Internet technology have been closely followed by policy challenges, and many of us face those challenges. And we must all rise to those challenges. One of the such challenges is that one that is the most urgent of challenges facing humankind and it is the eradication of poverty and of underdevelopment. This will remain a critical challenge for some years yet. I therefore appeal to this forum to continue to focus on the collective view that was expressed by the declaration of principles in